Al-Qur’an, The Guidance for Mankind


The Muslims believe that the guidance in the Quran is for all time and all people. The Quran places emphasis on the oneness of human beings. It introduces the idea of common human origin and ancestry at four different places and says that humans have their origin in a single cell or soul. Allah sent down the Qur’an as a guide to humanity and conveyed the simplest and the best way to lead one’s life. The verses give us the good news that Islam is easy to practice: According to Qur’an, Allah has laid down the solution of every human problem in the Qur’an very clearly. Quran says:

 

الر كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ لِتُخْرِجَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ

 

“Alif Laam Ra. A Book which We have revealed to you, so that you may bring out the mankind from the darkness[es] to the light by the permission (of) their Lord, to the Path (of) the All-Mighty, the Praiseworthy.” (Surah Ibrahim 14:1)

 

The Qur’an is a clear admonition to people of all ages and cultures. However, some people refer to unreliable sources, rather than the Qur’an, that cause them to believe mistakenly that Islam is difficult. The basic reason behind this attitude is their incomplete knowledge of Islam. In our own day, many people remain utterly unaware of the facts conveyed by the Qur’an, such as the existence of the Hereafter, eternal life in Hell, Paradise’s matchless blessings, and our Lord’s admonitions and warnings to humanity. Allah says:

 

إِنَّ هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ يَهْدِي لِلَّتِي هِيَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِيرًا

 

“Indeed, this, the Quran, guides to that which (is) most straight and gives glad tidings to the believers – those who do the righteous deeds, that for them (is) a reward great.” (Surah Al-Isra` 17:9)

 

To read and comply with the Quran is one of a Muslim’s most important responsibilities. Allah causes people to grasp the Qur’an, and only those who are guided by Him can understand the full meaning of its verses. He also promises guidance to the sincere servants who turn to Him. Those who assert that the Qur’an is hard to understand seek to prevent people from reading it, turning to Allah, and living by its values. However, Allah states in many parts of the Qur’an that it is easy to understand: Allah says:

 

إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

 

“Indeed, you (can) not guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He (is) most knowing (of) the guided ones.” (Surah Al-Qasas 28:56)

 

The Qur’an’s morality is the only way of life that befits human nature. Allah, the Creator of man from nothing, is the One Who best knows people’s needs, the forms of worship they can perform, and the ways that lead to a tranquil and peaceful life. Apart from the Quran, its judgments and practices are also very easy. However, the Qur’an was sent down so that people could read it and take admonition. Allah says:

 

إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ وَاذْكُر رَّبَّكَ إِذَا نَسِيتَ وَقُلْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَهْدِيَنِ رَبِّي لِأَقْرَبَ مِنْ هَٰذَا رَشَدًا

 

“Except, “If Allah wills.” And remember your Lord when you forget and say, “Perhaps [that] will guide me, my Lord, to a nearer (way) than this right way.” (Surah Al-Kahf 18:24)

 

The Quran advises people to keep their eyes and hearts open, not to act blindly, to contemplate, to study the earth, the skies and those between them, to have the knowledge, to study the states of the previous nations and countries and to draw lessons from them.  Allah does not impose on any self any more than it can stand. For it is what it has earned; against it, what it has merited. Our Lord, do not take us to task if we forget or make a mistake! Our Lord, do not place upon us a load like the one You placed upon those before us!

 

The Quran states in several places that the religion described in the Qur’an is the easiest one in many respects, as follows:

  • “The One Who created me, and He guides me.” (Qamar 26:78 )
  • “Allah desires ease for you; He does not desire difficulty for you.” (Al-Baqara: 185)
  • “And We have revealed the Book to you explaining clearly everything.” (Quran 16:89)
  • “But as for him who has faith and acts rightly, he will receive the best of rewards, and We will issue a command, making things easy for him.” (Surat al-Kahf: 88)
  • “In the name of God. Take what the Messenger assigns to you! And deny yourselves that which he withholds from you!.” (Al-Hashr, 59-7)
  • “We did not send down the Quran to you to make you miserable, but only as a reminder for those who have fear.” (Surah Ta-Ha: 2-3)
  • “He has selected you and not placed any constraint upon you in the religion – the religion of your forefather Ibrahim.” (Al-Hajj: 78)
  • “And (as for) those who strive hard for Us, We will most certainly guide them onto Our ways”. (Quran 29:69)
  • “We have sent down Clear Signs to you, and no one rejects them except the deviators.” (Al-Baqara: 99)
  • “Now when they saw no hope of his (yielding), they held a conference in private…” (Surah Yusuf, 12:80)
  • “Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty.” (Quran 24:30-31)

The Quran is, accordingly, guidance, a shred of evidence, discrimination between right and wrong and a manifest light for the people to guide them aright and help them in all their needs. All Muslims are responsible for presenting the easiness of Islam (which is its very essence), reconciling people’s hearts to the Qur’an and Islam, instructing people in the Qur’an and the Sunna of our Prophet (saas), and making them the sole guide of one’s lifeThe Quran places great emphasis on the dignity of human beings regardless of their gender or race or even status. Allah says:

 

وَمِن قَوْمِ مُوسَىٰ أُمَّةٌ يَهْدُونَ بِالْحَقِّ وَبِهِ يَعْدِلُونَ

 

“And among (the) people (of) Musa (is) a community (which) guides with truth and by it establishes justice.” (Surah Al-Araf 7:159)

 

The Quran teaches people to act in accordance with vital necessities, to consider this even when one is doing a favour and to do everything duly and on time. The Quran advises us to be kind and generous to people but not to be so generous as to become poor and needy; it also warns people not to violate others’ rights while enjoying personal freedom and rights. Dignity comprises rights and duties. It means that all human beings are created equal by the One Creator, and no one is superior to another on the basis of his or her birth or family or tribe. Allah says:

 

ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

 

“That (is) the book no doubt in it, a Guidance for the God-conscious.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:2)

 

The Quran teaches people all of the vital rules of the real system that contains all phases of the social and civilized life, from the family life and the mutual rights and duties of husband and wife to international relations, from greeting to entering houses by getting permission. The Quran repeats the message several times that the purpose of human efforts is to enable humans to dwell in an abode of peace. Allah says:

 

إِن تَحْرِصْ عَلَىٰ هُدَاهُمْ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي مَن يُضِلُّ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن نَّاصِرِينَ

 

“If you desire [for] their guidance, then indeed, Allah (will) not guide whom He lets go astray, and not (are) for them any helpers.” (Surah An-Nahl 16:37)

 

The Quran orders people to keep their vows, to act honestly in trade, to help the poor, to mediate between cross people, to act justly, to give jobs and tasks to those who are qualified and to work; it also advises people not to believe every piece of news they hear without searching whether it is true or not. Is it imaginable that it would not guide them aright in its own matter, while it is their most important need? Allah says:

 

إِلَّا الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي فَإِنَّهُ سَيَهْدِينِ

 

“Except for the One Who created me; and indeed, He will guide me.” (Surah Az-Zukhruf 43:27)

 

Thus, the message of the Quran is universal and eternal. The divine sets the standards through messages delivered to human beings. It was left to individuals to seek the path of unity, dignity, universality, justice, and peace not the path to argue with each who is better than the other or who would qualify for the grace of God and who would not. Islam teaches that humans are born spiritually neutral, perfectly capable of obeying God’s requirements completely and that they remain this way even after they’ve personally sinned. Allah says:

 

كَيْفَ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ قَوْمًا كَفَرُوا بَعْدَ إِيمَانِهِمْ وَشَهِدُوا أَنَّ الرَّسُولَ حَقٌّ وَجَاءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ

 

“How (shall) Allah guide a people (who) disbelieved after their belief and (had) witnessed that the Messenger (is) true, and came to them the clear proofs? And Allah (does) not guide the people [the] wrongdoers.” (Surah Al-Imran 3:86)

 

The Quran contains principles and rules that concern and elevate gradually everybody, from primitive people to scholars and philosophers, from tradesmen to ascetic people, from the rich to the poor. The Quran states the existence, oneness, attributes, power, and magnitude of Allah, the vastness of His mercy and pardon, the necessity of reliance on and trust in Allah, worshipping Him, and thanking Him for His bounties.

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