Eid-ul-Fitr follows the Holy month of Ramadan – the ninth month in the Islamic lunar calendar. Throughout the Blessed month of Ramadan, Muslims across the world unite and partake in the act of fasting, which not only involves abstaining from food and drink between the hours of sunrise and sunset but also refraining from any bad deeds or sinful acts – purifying the mind, body and soul in the process. The significance of Eid-ul-Fitr is purely spiritual.
“Holy Prophet came to Madinah, the people had two days in which they used to entertain and amuse themselves. He asked: “What are these two days?” They said: “We used to amuse ourselves and take pleasure in these two days during the Days of Ignorance (jahiliyyah). The Messenger of Allah said, “Allah has substituted for you something better than these two; the Eid of Adha (sacrifice) and the Eid of Fitr. ” (Sunan Abi Dawood)
On the day of Eid-ul-Fitr Muslims from different countries and places of the world travel to their homelands and hometowns to celebrate the function with the family and friends. Moreover, it is during the festival of Eid that family friends meet with each other thus the members of different families interact with each other. Hence, above everything else, Eid-ul-Fitr holds great social importance as it allows social gathering at least once a year for those who do not interact or meet with each other all year long.
More than one billion Muslims around the world gather to celebrate Eid. The worship process may seem daunting; however, reviewing it on a step by step process can remove some of the stereotypical connotations and provide a more meaningful explanation on the functionalities of ‘rakat’ (worship).
The First Raka
Action 1: Perform two Rakats behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs.
Action 2: After the Imam has said “Allahu Akbar” the first time, you should raise your hands and follow. This is the first Takbir of the prayer.
Action 3: There will be three Takbirs before the Imam begins reciting from the Quran. Each time the Imam says “Allahu Akbar”, you should raise your hands, then place them on your sides. After the third Takbir, the Imam will begin reciting from the Quran. At that point, you should put your hands on your chest, with your right hand on top of the left.
Action 4: Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran. The Imam will recite Surah Al Fatiha (the first Surah of the Quran) and then another Surah.
Action 5: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Ruku – which is the bowing position.
Action 6: Stand up straight when he says Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah (translation: Allah hears those who praise Him), and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (translation: our Lord praise be to You) in a low voice.
Action 7: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud – which is prostration. You will do two prostrations just like a normal prayer.
The Second Raka
Action 8: The Imam will first recite from the Holy Quran.
Action 9: Afterwards, before going into Ruku, there will be three Takbirs. Follow the Imam. Raise your hands after each “Allahu Akbar.” After the third Takbir, go into Ruku – remember, this is the bowing position.
Action 10: Stand up straight when the Imam says, “Sami Allah human Hamidah”, and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice.
On the day of Eid-ul-Fitr, Muslims keep all their tensions and conflicts aside and greet each other with love and joy. On this day Muslims forgive each other for all of the previous mistakes and by forgiving all that they hug each other and give their relationship a fresh start that is based on love and brotherhood with no ulterior motives.
Eid-ul-Fitr is one of the most auspicious occasions that is awaited by Muslims all over the world. Eid-ul-Fitr is one of the most auspicious occasions awaited by Muslims all over the world. This festival is a blessing of Allah Almighty and the purpose of it is to help Muslims come close to each other, spread joy and love to all the people that come in contact with a Muslim. May Allah (SWT) continue to grant us peace in the world and also bless all believers to the path of righteousness! Ameen.