Sadaqa In Islam

Goodness is an essential part of human nature. A man feels inner satisfaction through committing virtuous deeds, like lending a little money to the poor and helping out a crippled person on the way, etc. Such acts of kindness and compassion are the reasons why mankind still exists on the surface of the earth; otherwise, it would never survive if all of them were cruel and spiteful. The Religion of Islam greatly emphasizes the importance of doing good to others. Allah says:

 

إِن تُبْدُوا الصَّدَقَاتِ فَنِعِمَّا هِيَ وَإِن تُخْفُوهَا وَتُؤْتُوهَا الْفُقَرَاءَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ وَيُكَفِّرُ عَنكُم مِّن سَيِّئَاتِكُمْوَاللَّـهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ

 

“If you give alms openly, it is well, and if you hide it and give it to the poor, it is better for you; and this will do away with some of your evil deeds, and Allah is aware of what you do.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 251)

 

Every action of righteousness in Islam is considered as Sadaqah, which is derived from the Arabic root word, Sadiq (truth). Its literal meaning is to expend from one`s possessions and abilities in the way of the Almighty Lord. Sadaqah is the necessary constituent of a believer`s faith through which it seeks Pleasure of the Creator of the world of the worlds by helping out the poor and others in a state of need. Allah says:

 

مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

 

“The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed of grain which grows seven spikes, in each spike is a hundred grains. Allah multiplies the reward for whomever He wills, for Allah is vast and knowing.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261)

 

The Islamic aid Sadaqah is something that has been given a great deal of importance in Islam because it leading to an ultimate goal that is to help needy and poor people. Islamic aid Sadaqah a charitable giving is to undertake a highly preached, highly emphasized and highly encouraged act in Islam. We as a Muslim should give Sadaqah to help poor people.

 

خَيْرُ الصَّدَقَةِ مَا كَانَ عَنْ ظَهْرِ غِنًى وَابْدَأْ بِمَنْ تَعُولُ

 

“The best charity is what you give when you are independent, and you should start with spending on your dependents.” (Sahih Bukhari 5041)

 

The point here is to understand the difference between Zakah and Sadaqah both of which are mentioned in the previously stated Quranic Verse together. The former is the 3rd pillar of Islam, which binds a Muslim to pay out a fixed or standardized proportion of its supplementary material goods to deprived and disadvantaged people.

 

Here are some benefits of Sadaqa in Islam:

  1. Sadaqah is smiling in front of a Muslim brother
  2. Sadaqah remove harmful things from the path
  3. Never-Ending Rewards From Allah SWT
  4. It is preferable to give charity in secret
  5. Every action of goodness is Sadaqah
  6. Not delaying the obligatory sadaqah
  7. Studying the obligations in sadaqah
  8. The best investment with Allah SWT
  9. Sadaqah must be in the way of God
  10. Sadaqah resulting in huge rewards
  11. Do not count the sadaqah you give
  12. Give the best treasure in sadaqah
  13. Seek only the desire to see Allah
  14. Sadaqah protects from tragedies
  15. Sadaqah according to the ability
  16. Your wealth won’t be reduced
  17. Sadaqah for jihad fii sabilillah
  18. Sadaqah with what we love
  19. Helping  a blind human being
  20. Sadaqah after the mandatory need 
  21. Dhikr (Remembrance) Of Allah SWT
  22. Do not hurt the receiver of sadaqah
  23. No reward must be expected in this world
  24. Perform sadaqah in the month of Ramadan
  25. Attaining Shade On The Day of Resurrection
  26. Donate towards the construction of a Mosque
  27. Give sadaqah to relatives, brother, neighbour first

Sadaqah is the greatest investment for this world and the hereafter. In return, we get good health, blessings and prosperity, and Divine shade on the Day of Judgement, and it also defends us from many kinds of calamities. There is a Sadaqah for everything, and it is the spiritual duty of every Muslim to commence this task in every possible way. In its simplest form, even passing a friendly smile to someone is considered to be a Sadaqah. Islam greatly emphasizes the importance of doing good to others. Allah says:

 

مَّن ذَا الَّذِي يُقْرِضُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا فَيُضَاعِفَهُ لَهُ أَضْعَافًا كَثِيرَةً وَاللَّهُ يَقْبِضُ وَيَبْسُطُ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

 

“Who (is) the one who will lend (to) Allah – a loan good, so (that) He multiplies it for him – manifolds many And Allah withholds and grants abundance, and to Him, you will be returned.” (Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 245)

 

Sadaqah charitable giving is something that Allah (SWT) and the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) talked about in great detail. The reward for spending in the way of the Almighty Lord is so immense that it has been compared to a bowing a seed, which ultimately results in getting hundreds of grains after some time. It means that one gets the unimaginable number of rewards and blessings from the Creator of the universe for one act of Sadaqah. Allah says:

 

إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

 

Only the charities (are) for the poor, and the needy and those who collect them, and the ones inclined their hearts, and in the (freeing of) the necks, and for those in debt and in (the) way (of) Allah, and the wayfarer – an obligation from Allah. And Allah (is) All-Knowing, All-Wise.” (Surah At-Taubah 9:60)

 

The act of Sadaqah is not restricted to Zakah only, for that is only a part of it. Sadaqah is actually an ongoing process that includes every act of goodness and uprightness, which ultimately results in attaining the Pleasure of Allah SWT and earning great rewards and blessings from Him. Allah says:

 

According to Prophet Muhammad (SAW) traditions, we are discussing some types of Sadaqah which are as follows:

  • Every Action of Goodness is Sadaqah: This Saying of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) clarifies that every act of modesty is Sadaqah.
    • Making Dua for Others: If someone is just praying for someone who asked for making Dua and also for those whom you care about and love is also included in Sadaqah.
    • Giving Good Advice to Other Person: Giving wise advice to your younger siblings or people who are younger than you and also to your friends is also comes in Sadaqah. Prophet (SAW) said: “To guide a person in a place where he cannot get astray is charity.” (Bukhari).
    • To smile at your Muslim Brother: Put a smile on your face while talking, meeting and greeting the people you meet is Sadaqah. Prophet (SAW) said: “To smile in the company of your brother is charity” (Bukhari).
    • Pouring Water for Muslim Fellow: Putting a little effort in giving someone else to drink water is also a charitable giving. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said: “To pour water from your jug into the jug of your brother is charity.”
    • To Stop from Evil: 1One should not only keep on doing acts of morality itself but also prevent others from doing wrong, as these both are types of Sadaqah, which result in attaining great blessings from the Most Beneficent. “To command to do good deeds and to prevent others from doing evil is charity.” (Bukhari)

In fact, sadaqah has been mentioned upon Muslims as a way to thank Allah and guard themselves against any kind of difficulties. In addition, it helps society by providing support to the needy and the poor. Sadaqah is a way for those whom Allah has blessed with wealth to share with their relatives and neighbours in need.

 

إِذَا أَنْفَقَ الْمُسْلِمُ نَفَقَةً عَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَهُوَ يَحْتَسِبُهَا كَانَتْ لَهُ صَدَقَةً

“When a Muslim spends on his family intending good it is regarded as a charity for him.” (Sahih Bukhari 5036)

 

Many of us hesitate to give using the excuse that we don’t have enough to give. We should give the best of our possessions in the Path of Allah. We should avoid giving something to others which we ourselves dislike. Therefore our choice of wealth will define the passion of our love towards Allah.

 

Allah Almighty says in The Holy Quran:

  • “Kind words and the covering of faults are better than charity followed by injury. Allah is free of all wants, and He is Most-Forbearing.” (Surah Al-Baqara, 263)
  • “If you do deeds of charity openly, it is well; but if you bestow it upon the needy in secret, it will be better for you, and it will atone for some of your bad deeds. And God is aware of all that you do.” (2:271)
  • “…. And whoever volunteers good – then indeed, Allah is appreciative and Knowing.” (Quran, 2: 158)
  • “Verily those who give sadaqah, men, and women, and lend Allah a goodly loan, it shall be increased manifold, and theirs shall be an honorable good reward (Paradise).” (Surah Al Hadid: 18)

Sadaqah and charity is not something that we should give only once in a while. Rather, we should try to find a way to give daily to the needy, even if it’s little. If only we knew the blessings and rewards from such acts and how Allah saves us from life’s daily problems, we would give daily. Allah says:

 

وَأَنفِقُوا مِن مَّا رَزَقْنَاكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ فَيَقُولَ رَبِّ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنِي إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ فَأَصَّدَّقَ وَأَكُن مِّنَ الصَّالِحِينَ

 

“And spend from what We have provided you before [that] comes (to) one of you the death and he says, “My Lord! Why not You delay me for a term near so I would give charity and be among the righteous.” (Surah Al-Munafiqun 63:10)

 

Our duty is just to give sadaqah generously and leave the rest on Allah. He better knows what is good for us. We recognize that all blessings come from Allah, and we should open our heart and share with others.

 

اتَّقُوا النَّارَ وَلَوْ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَبِكَلِمَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ

 

“Protect yourself from the Hellfire even with half of a date in charity, and if he cannot find it then with a kind word. (Sahih Bukhari 6195)

 

In Islam, giving Zakat and Sadaqah (charity) has enormous rewards. The Quran verses and the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) ahadith attest to the fact that giving charity not only is an act of kindness toward the recipients but it has enormous benefits for those who give it including warding off life’s challenges and problems and resulting in the increase of one’s wealth. The following sheds some light on such rewards.

 

مَا نَقَصَتْ صَدَقَةٌ مِنْ مَالٍ وَمَا زَادَ اللَّهُ عَبْدًا بِعَفْوٍ إِلاَّ عِزًّا وَمَا تَوَاضَعَ أَحَدٌ لِلَّهِ إِلاَّ رَفَعَهُ اللَّهُ

 

“Charity does not decrease wealth, no one forgives another except that Allah increases his honor, and no one humbles himself for the sake of Allah except that Allah raises his status.” (Sahih Muslim 2588)

 

Sadaqah is actually an ongoing process that includes every act of goodness and uprightness, which ultimately results in attaining the Pleasure of Allah SWT and earning great rewards and blessings from Him. Allah says:

 

فَلَمَّا آتَاهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ بَخِلُوا بِهِ وَتَوَلَّوا وَّهُم مُّعْرِضُونَ

 

“But when He gave them of His Bounty, they became stingy with it and turned away while they (were) averse.” (Surah At-Taubah 9:76)

 

Sadaqah is the greatest investment for this world and the hereafter. In return, we get good health, blessings and prosperity, and Divine shade on the Day of Judgement, and it also defends us from many kinds of calamities. Let’s invest in our akhirah today; join one of the many Islamic charities, such as Islamic Help, and give to someone in need today.

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